Responding to Refugee Vulnerability to Trafficking: Ukraine and Beyond

Responding to Refugee Vulnerability to Trafficking: Ukraine and Beyond

The political and humanitarian crises in Ukraine are reshaping the landscape for supply chain accountability throughout the broader region. More than 4 million refugees have fled Ukraine into neighboring countries, according to the UN. Prior to the Ukraine crisis, the numbers of internally displaced people and refugees globally were already at record highs, with more than 26 million Syrians, Central Americans, Venezuelans, South Sudanese, Rohingya, and others living as refugees abroad, and more than 84 million people around the world forcibly displaced in the first half of 2021.

Case Study: African Migrants in the Strawberry Fields and Greenhouses of Spain during the Pandemic

Case Study: African Migrants in the Strawberry Fields and Greenhouses of Spain during the Pandemic

Labor conditions in the strawberry fields of Andalusia, Spain are harsh for all workers regardless of their nationality: Salaries below the minimum wage, unpaid overtime, long working hours without breaks, and exposure to dangerous agrochemicals without protection are among the issues experienced by workers. The COVID-19 pandemic has increased these workers’ vulnerability to labor exploitation and creates even greater, possibly lethal, health risks.